The UN Common Meeting (GA) on Wednesday will elect 5 new non-permanent members of the Safety Council for a 2021-2022 time period, with battles below method for the Western and African seats.
Kenya and Djibouti are going through off for an African Group seat, whereas within the Western European and Others Group three nations – Canada, Eire and Norway – are vying for 2 seats amongst them.
Within the Asia-Pacific Group, India – which has been attempting unsuccessfully to win a everlasting seat in an expanded Safety Council – is assured of a seat as it’s working unopposed, as is Mexico within the Latin America and Caribbean Group.
This yr, Africa did not proceed its custom of deciding a candidate among the many member states, setting the stage for a showdown on Wednesday.
Kenya enjoys the assist of the African Union, however Djibouti says it ought to have the seat as a result of Nairobi already sat on the Safety Council twice.
French-speaking Djibouti and English-speaking Kenya are each highlighting their roles in in search of peace within the Horn of Africa, in addition to their contributions to UN peacekeeping missions.
Kenya has pointed to its welcoming of refugees from Somalia and South Sudan, in addition to assist it has given the 2 nations’ fragile governments.
Djibouti, in flip, notes its strategic location and weird position as a defence base for numerous nations – France, the US, China and Japan – in addition to its contributions in Somalia.
Within the Western bloc, the competitors is extra customary.
Canada remains to be stung by a defeat in 2010 throughout its final bid for the Safety Council when the GA selected Portugal as an alternative.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has invested closely within the newest Safety Council effort, with a defeat probably inflicting him political embarrassment at house.
Celine Dion vs Bono
Hoping to woo delegates, each Canada and Eire have introduced out their star energy. Celine Dion sang in New York Metropolis to advertise Canada on the UN, whereas U2 carried out a live performance within the Large Apple for Eire.
“Campaigning for a UNSC seat entails limitless lobbying, entertaining and worrying that the ambassador who simply promised you a vote is a liar,” tweeted Richard Gowan, an professional on the world physique on the Worldwide Disaster Group.
Fearing fraud or manipulation, the GA won’t vote electronically, regardless that the UN is generally working just about till the tip of July as a result of coronavirus pandemic.
As an alternative, every of the 193 delegations can have an opportunity to solid a secret poll within the well-known Meeting Corridor at a chosen time distributed all through the day.
Every new Safety Council member must win two-thirds of the votes solid – that means 128 votes if all 193 nations vote. Delegates might need to vote a number of occasions to certify a winner.
The Safety Council has 10 non-permanent members along with the veto-wielding Large 5 – Britain, China, France, Russia and the US.
The GA will even elect, on Wednesday, its president for the 2020-2021 session.
Just one candidate is working, Turkish diplomat Volkan Bozkir. However Armenia, Cyprus and Greece – all of which have traditionally tense relations with Turkey – have opposed him, that means he can’t win by consensus and member states must solid votes.